On March 10, a new study published by King’s College London, UK emphasized that daily use of e-cigarettes has “significant results” in helping to quit smoking. At the same time, the study compared other smoking cessation methods including nicotine replacement therapy or medication. This research provides support for the effectiveness of e-cigarettes to help quit smoking.
Although the number of smokers in the UK has been declining in recent years, smoking is still the leading cause of premature death and disease-nearly 75,000 people in the UK lost their lives in 2019. In a study funded by Cancer Research UK (Cancer Research UK), researchers at King’s College London analyzed online survey data from more than 1,155 people, including smokers and former smokers who quit smoking less than a year before completing the survey , And e-cigarette users. A total of five rounds of data were collected from 2012 to 2017. The researchers analyzed the smokers who had smoked for at least one month during the follow-up period and those who had quit smoking for at least one month between the first survey and the follow-up survey to explore the effectiveness of e-cigarettes in helping to quit smoking.
This study found that smokers who use e-cigarettes every day are more than five times more likely to quit smoking than those who do not use smoking cessation aids at all. Daily use of e-cigarettes is also more effective than other evidence-based smoking cessation methods-including nicotine replacement therapy, medications (such as bupropion or varenicline or any combination of these auxiliary drugs). Compared with not using auxiliary tools at all, these methods have nothing to do with smoking cessation during the follow-up period.
Research results show that users who use e-cigarettes every day are more likely to quit smoking than those who do not use smoking cessation aids at all, indicating that e-cigarettes are a more effective way to quit smoking than nicotine replacement therapy and prescription drug treatment. Dr. Leonie Brose, Research Associate Professor of the National Addiction Centre at King’s College London, said: “Although the World Health Organization (WHO) is cautious about e-cigarettes, our research shows that e-cigarettes are still one of the most effective smoking cessation tools currently available. “
As the PHE was reportedly unable to deal with the Covid-19 crises effectively due to under-funding, UK ministers have decided to merge it with the NHS and distribute its responsibilities amongst other entities. According to The Sunday Telegraph, Health Secretary Matt Hancock is to announce that a new Institute for Health Protection will become “effective” as of this month.
The PHE has been instrumental in the promotion of tobacco harm reduction via the use of e-cigarettes across the UK.
The chief executive of NHS Providers representing NHS trusts Chris Hopson, said that “years of under-funding” for PHE and more generally public health, have left the country unprepared to deal with a pandemic.
He added that unlike other health bodies such as NHS England, the PHE is an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care. “This gives ministers direct control of its activities,” he explained. “So whilst it might be convenient to seek to blame PHE’s leadership team, it is important that the Government reflect on its responsibilities as well.”
With regards to smoking cessation, the PHE has been instrumental in the promotion of tobacco harm reduction via the use of e-cigarettes. Given that it is currently unknown who will be taking over this responsibility, the way that vaping will be promoted from now on is yet to be seen.
The PHE’s 6th independent e-cigarette report
Last April, the PHE was commended by tobacco harm reduction experts for its latest review calling for an end on publishing misinformation about vaping. “Vaping in England: 2020 Evidence Update Summary” was the PHE’s sixth (and probably last) independent e-cigarette report, commissioned by researchers at King’s College London.
It highlighted that despite the alarmist media headlines and unfounded fears about vaping, more former smokers have made the switch from cigarettes to vaping products and that youth uptake remains relatively low. The report added that “false fears” about vaping are preventing many smokers from quitting by switching to vaping – something that the PHE itself has long endorsed.
On the side of tobacco harm reduction
Moreover, when last year’s reports from the US had erroneously started linking EVALI with nicotine vaping, the PHE had reassured e-cig users in the UK that the agency’s stance on vaping remained unchanged.
“Our advice on e-cigarettes remains unchanged – vaping isn’t completely risk free but is far less harmful than smoking tobacco. There is no situation where it would be better for your health to continue smoking rather than switching completely to vaping,” said the PHE on Twitter art the time.
There are potential constitutional issues arising from the recently announced amendments to British Columbia’s (B.C.) vaping regulations, states the Canadian Constitution Foundation.
The new vaping legislation, which amends B.C.’s Public Health Act and the Tobacco and Vapour Products Control Regulation, will impose a limit on nicotine concentrations to 20mg/ml for products sold in retail locations, will call for plain packaging for vaping substances, will ban the sale of flavoured vapour products except in age-restricted specialty stores, will restrict advertising in spaces where youth may be present and will require vaping substances for sale to be packaged with a skull-and-crossbones health hazard symbol and a health warning.
The CCF said that the new vaping regulations may violate s. 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which safeguards the right to life, liberty and the security of the person, because the nicotine ceiling and flavour restriction may potentially make vaping products a less attractive or effective quit-aid for smokers, according to Canadian Lawyer magazine.
FLSC commits to framework promoting reconciliation with Indigenous peoples The CCF also said that the new legislation may breach s. 2(b) of the Charter, which protects the right to freedom of expression, in light of the imposition of plain packaging, with no images or text allowed beyond the brand name and regulatory text. The CCF argued that the new regulations extensively limit the packaging and display of vaping products, in violation of the requirement for restrictions on free speech to be no greater than is reasonably necessary.
Moreover, the requirement of plain packaging may prevent smokers who may benefit from a switch to vaping products from being exposed to such products or lessen the opportunity for exposure, said the CCF.
“Rules that confine the sale of vaping products to shops that sell them exclusively will result in fewer smokers being exposed to them in convenience stores, where they likely already shop for their cigarettes,” the CCF further said.
The CCF cited a February 2020 report written by Leonid Sirota, senior lecturer at the Auckland University of Technology’s Law School, wherein Sirota emphasized the rights of current smokers who are seeking to quit, according to the article.
“The conflation of vaping and smoking within the law runs contrary to the best available evidence and risks conveying to smokers the impression that vaping is not meaningfully different and better than smoking, discouraging them from trying what may be the best harm-reduction method available,” said Sirota.
BRITISH American Tobacco (BAT) plans to test its new tobacco heating device in the United States later this year, allowing it to pull ahead of its rivals Philip Morris in the world’s biggest vaping market.
The London-based company has confirmed it has received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to begin selling its Neocore heated-tobacco device, formerly known as Eclipse.
It comes as shares in the second biggest global tobacco company have risen 5 per cent after reporting a better-than-expected first-half profit since its $49.4bn acquisition of cigarette giant Reynolds American in 2017.
BAT inherited Neocore from Reynolds when it acquired the business last year, and since it came with already received FDA approval, it was able to fast-track its application this time around.
Neocore is a carbon-tipped product that looks like a cigarette and is lit with a match, yet doesn’t burn the tobacco. Its rival, Marlboro-makers Philip Morris, is currently leading the tobacco heating market with its IQOS e-cigarette outside the US with nearly 4 million people in 30 markets using it, but it is still waiting on FDA approval.
The smokeless device, which stands for “I quit original smoking”, has cost $3billion to develop by PMI and is a battery-operated device which works by having a “heat stick” inserted inside containing a tobacco plug. The heat produces a vapor rather than smoke.
As well as its iQOS device, PMI has developed its own carbon-tipped product called Teeps, which hasn’t officially launched in any markets besides a consumer trial in the Dominican Republic.
It is now expected BAT’s new product will be on the market in America before PMI’s iQOS.
Chief Executive of British American Tobacco, Nicandro Durante said: “We are delighted to be the first tobacco company to be able to launch a THP (tobacco heating product) proposition in the United States.”
He told Reuters news agency the plan was to test the product in a small U.S. area by the end of 2018. The full market launch would probably then occur in 2019, he said.
The test, whose location has yet to be decided, will help the company understand how it should be priced and sold. “It remains to be seen how popular heated tobacco will be in the U.S. but being first … positions (BAT) well,” Jefferies analyst Owen Bennett said.
Around the world, Philip Morris has also made a marketing application to the FDA for iQOS, one that if passed would allow the company to sell it with a claim of reduced risk.
BAT is not seeking a reduced risk application. BAT said another application for its Glo device, filed in February, has passed into scientific review. In addition, the company said it expects a scientific hearing regarding its Camel Snus to take place in September. The maker of Lucky Strike and Dunhill cigarettes said it remains confident of exceeding £1billion of reported revenue from next generation products this year, as new launches should bolster growth in the back half of the year following a slowdown in some key markets such as Japan and Korea.
The British Government has started a crackdown on eliquid that is packaged like well known food products, yanking products from shelves including some that are designed to look like Krispy Kreme donuts.
Trading Standards – the UK Government Agency that enforces the law on consumer products – removed six different brands of eliquid including Murica, which is presented in a box identical to a McDonalds apple pie; and Krispy Vape, which is presented in a Krispy Kreme style box. Other brands removed from sale included Milky Cones, Milkshake Man and Drippy Lee Pounding Clouds.
A spokesman for the local Council, which oversees trading standards, said:
“I’m pleased that our Trading Standards team have investigated and removed these potentially harmful products from sale in Knowsley.
The safety of customers is always our highest priority and I’m concerned that young children could be attracted to these products because of their appearance. If they play with these products or put them in their mouths, children could come to serious harm.
“Our Trading Standards officers are currently investigating the supply chain for these e-liquids.”
The action was taken under a UK law that says non-food products cannot resemble food. It was also taken because the liquid did not contain adequate labelling that warns of the harms of certain chemicals.
Hopefully this is just the first of a series of actions designed to root out those who are in the market for a quick buck and those who are in it for the long term.
It has been more than 10 years since electronic cigarettes emerged on the UK market.
Marketed as a healthier and safer option to smoking cigarettes, e-cigarettes and vaping has risen in popularity year by year. With an estimated 3.6 million people in the UK choosing to vape (roughly half the amount of conventional cigarette smokers), this has caused the government to lay out new vaping laws.
Whether you are a long-term vaper, or you’re about to purchase your first vape kit, here are the rules and restrictions of e-cigarettes.
In order to purchase or use e-liquids and e-cigarettes in the UK, you must be aged 18 or over. It is against the law for models who appear to look under the age of 25 to appear in vape adverts too. The UK government has implemented these restrictions to reduce the number of children who take up vaping, especially as many see vaping as a ‘cooler’ alternative to smoking cigarettes.
If you are over the age of 18 and have considered vaping, it is important that you pick a kit that has everything you need. For example, Liberty Flights sell a range of vaping kits, e-liquid, hardware, and Dot Pro vape kits. There are a variety of flavours that you can pick from, including berry, menthol, lemon, and strawberry. Liberty Flights also sell replacement pods, so you can just pop in a new pod, and you’re good to go, without the mess of refilling your vape kit manually and potentially spilling your liquid everywhere.
Since hitting the shelves over a decade ago, there have been numerous restrictions put in place on vaping products in the United Kingdom. In 2016, EU regulations banned vape juices that contain diacetyl. When purchasing vape juices, the maximum strength of nicotine is capped at 20mg/ml. Clearomisers and cartridges are capped at 2ml, while an e-liquid container is capped at 10ml in size. For e-cigarette manufacturers to sell their products to the public, they must submit product details to be approved by the government six months in advance.
Where Can I Vape?
Unlike conventional cigarettes, e-cigarette users do not have to adhere to the same restrictions and laws. While there was a ban put in place in 2007, which prohibited smoking in the workplace and enclosed public places, there are still restrictions on where you can vape.
Although there isn’t a legal ban on public place vaping at present, it’s still important that you are considerate and respectful to other people around you. E-cigarette vapour is not as harmful to the general public as a conventional cigarette is.
The type of profession you are in will determine whether you can vape in the workplace or not. Whether you work in an office environment, outdoors, or deal with customers on a face to face basis, the rules and regulations surrounding vaping at work will vary. If you are not sure whether you’re permitted to vape, it’s important that you speak to your employer beforehand.
Like with any other indoor space, vaping in a pub, bar or restaurant is not restricted by law. However, many hospitality establishments view vaping like conventional cigarettes. This means that you may be asked to vape outside in their designated smoking area. There are some pubs that allow indoor vaping, so if you aren’t sure, it’s best to ask as you may be requested to leave the premises otherwise.
While there aren’t any specific UK regulations regarding vaping on public transport, many bus and train businesses implement their own policies and procedures which prohibit vaping while at a station or onboard the vehicle. Since 2015, most private train companies established new vaping laws that restrict individuals from vaping while on board. If you are travelling by air, there are more rigorous restrictions put in place for vaping on a plane.
While you are legally allowed to vape while driving, there is a danger that exhaled vapour could obstruct your view and put you at a higher risk of a car accident. It’s important that your full concentration and focus is on the road ahead, so if you find yourself in an accident as a result of your vape kit, you could receive 9 points on your license and an additional £2,500 fine.
Heated Tobacco Restrictions
Products like heated tobacco are fairly new to the UK. When compared to conventional tobacco products, IQOS, and similar products are not burned in the same manner. The smoking ban doesn’t cover heated tobacco; however, you should follow the same rules and regulations when vaping in a public place and always check for permission first.
Since hitting the shelves in the UK, e-cigarettes have gone through various changes. While there are constant improvements regarding the quality of e-cigarette devices, the government has put additional vaping laws in place regarding their use.
According to the latest study of UK government, smoking among adults in England has continued to decline over the past 10 years and in 2019 was around 15%. Most adults use vaping products to help them quit smoking, which is bad news to traditional cigarette industry.
Vapers said that banning flavored liquids would hinder their way to quit or reduce their smoking. It could also push current vapers towards illicit products.
Similar to previous years, data from stop smoking services in England suggests that when a vaping product is used in a quit attempt, either alone or with licensed medication, success rates are comparable to, if not higher than, licensed medication alone.
Where international information is available, adult vaping prevalence in England appears to be higher than in other countries.
Current vaping prevalence (weekly or less than weekly) among young people in England has remained reasonably steady with the best recent estimates putting it at 6% of 11 to 15-year-olds in 2018 and 5% of 11 to 18-year-olds in 2019. This rate is under control. It could be worse when it comes to smoking rates among adolescents.
The author himself also finds that when a country bans vaping, its smoking rate rises a lot immediately breaking the historical glass ceiling. It’s an effective way to improve the smoking rate. The method is: Allow vaping first, then ban it to boost the smoking rate. When the smoking rate drops due to smoking control activities, allow vaping for a while, then ban it again… It creates a virtuous cycle and boosts the state’s revenue endlessly. Based on this theory, no country will ban vaping for too long.
However, smoking remains the biggest single cause of preventable death and disease and a leading cause of health inequalities. So, alternative nicotine delivery devices that are less harmful could play a crucial role in reducing this health burden. Quit smoking by vaping.
Compared with the US’s recent vape control policy, the UK’s policy is too liberal.
In 2018, the United Kingdom began to allow the sale of e-cigarettes in hospitals and provide patients with e-cigarette lounges to encourage smokers to switch from traditional tobacco to e-cigarettes and eventually quit smoking.
According to a recent Public Health Report (PHE) published in England, at least 1.3 million people have completely quit cigarettes because of e-cigarettes as British officials continue to support the reduction of tobacco harm through e-cigarettes.
In the United Kingdom, e-cigarettes exist as medicines, which predestined that it will take a completely different path from other countries from the beginning, but it is not only due to the perspective of those in power that they have such a clear perception, the complex social system and policy positioning behind this also deserve our careful consideration.
01. One of the three pride of the British people: NHS
In the hearts of the British people, there are three things that are most proud of their country: Shakespeare, the countryside and the medical system.
As a globally recognized leader in the field of health care, the British National Medical Service System (NHS), which is a universal free medical service system, has been praised by countries around the world for its “low health costs and good health performance.”
The Royal College of Physicians specifically told doctors to promote e-cigarettes as widely as possible to those who want to quit smoking. The British public health department’s recommendation is that the risk of vaping e-cigarettes is only a small part of the risk of smoking.
According to the BBC, in the northern Birmingham area of the United Kingdom, the two largest medical institutions not only sell e-cigarettes, but also set up vaping areas, which they call e-cigarettes “public health necessities.”
It is understood that the two hospitals are Sandwell General Hospital in West Bromwich and Birmingham City Hospital. The e-cigarette stores opened by Ecigwizard sell Jubbly Bubbly and Wizard’s Leaf products.
In order to promote the popularization of e-cigarettes, the two hospitals also set up e-cigarette smoking areas and emphasized that smoking traditional cigarettes in smoking areas will face a fine of 50 pounds. Focus: smoking of traditional tobacco will be fined!
Therefore, it is not surprising that e-cigarettes are accepted in places like the United Kingdom. Using some means (such as nicotine patches, e-cigarettes) to help people stay away from cigarettes is meaningful to people.
And as a pharmaceutical, the production and sale of e-cigarettes in the UK must follow super detailed regulatory regulations.
Unlike in the United States, the United Kingdom has strict regulations on e-cigarette advertising, and all television, Internet and radio marketing is banned. The only promotional images for e-cigarette events are usually men with beards and look boring.
From this point, it seems that we can understand the reasons for banning fruit and mint flavor electronic cigarettes in the United States. Things that are too flamboyant are indeed more attractive, even if they have never smoked, and this is against the original intention of promoting electronic cigarettes.
02. Keeping Sober Cognition: Scientific Research
More than 30 countries in the world have completely banned e-cigarettes. Some people must ask, why can’t these countries learn like Britain? The national conditions of different countries do affect policy changes, but it will not happen overnight that the perception of the entire population or the ruling class change.
In the UK, there are many institutions and scientific researchers who have long been engaged in research on cigarettes. Some specialize in the harm of second-hand electronic cigarettes to the human body, and some specialize in the effects of different flavors of electronic cigarettes on the human body …
Researchers are very aware of the role and harm of e-cigarettes, and have even come to the forefront in many research fields, such as the study of the effects of different flavors and the effects of second-hand electronic cigarettes. In contrast, most countries and regions are still at the point of “being afraid of electronic cigarettes”.
A BBC documentary, “E-Cigarettes-Miracle or Menace”, recorded a set of experiments by relevant institutions. Researchers found a group of heavy smokers, and then divided this group into three groups, giving different ways to quit smoking. , the traditional methods of quitting smoking, e-cigarette and nicotine patch.
One month later, the experimental results showed that the group that used the traditional smoking cessation method to quit smoking had the lowest success rate. Most of them failed to quit, but returned to the path of traditional tobacco.
In the rest of the country or region, most of them are busy making meaningless arguments instead of trying to practice them. To find out right and wrong, professional research is needed.
British health authorities also agree that e-cigarettes are not without risks. According to the UK Drug Administration, between May 2016 and September 2019, the agency received dozens of reports of negative reactions related to e-cigarettes.
In addition, British media exposed that some retailers sold e-cigarettes to minors without checking documents, which also caused social concerns.
But these things did not prevent the authorities from insisting on the e-cigarette. In fact, as early as the policy document of the British Ministry of Health’s “Tobacco Control Plan” in 2017, the government may intentionally liberate the e-cigarette regulations after the UK exits the European Union.
Dr John Britton, director of the University of Nottingham’s British Tobacco and Alcohol Research Centre, once said: “The response in the United States is totally insane. The reality of smoking is that if you tell people to stop vaping, they will return to the tobacco industry, and tobacco kills people. ”
03. Clear direction and positioning: quit smoking
According to statistics from the British Health Organization, e-cigarettes can increase the success rate of quitting smoking by about 50%, and can reduce health risks by at least 95% compared to cigarettes.
This data has since been widely publicized by health agencies such as the British government and the National Health Service (NHS), and has become a powerful tool for promoting electronic cigarettes to replace ordinary tobacco.
Subsequently, the British government asked the Public Health Agency of England to update the safety review of e-cigarettes every year by 2022, and to publish the review report in February every year. So far, every year’s reports still “support” the efficacy of e-cigarettes as a good method to quit smoking.
According to the British government’s plan, the aim is to eliminate traditional cigarette smokers by 2030. It can be said that the e-cigarette industry in the UK has fully entered the fast lane.
Except for medical research that proves that e-cigarettes are safe, no serious cases related to e-cigarettes have occurred in the UK in real life. Unlike the current situation of young people smoking e-cigarettes in the United States, the popularity of e-cigarettes among non-smokers in the UK has not soared. Surveys of adult smokers in the UK also show that the vast majority of people use e-cigarettes to quit traditional tobacco.
All this shows that in the UK, e-cigarettes still maintain the original intention and position of being invented-a tool to help adults quit combustible cigarettes. This has also become an important reason why British authorities have always supported e-cigarettes.
The United States bans the sale of non-tobacco flavored e-cigarette products to control the trend of young people smoking e-cigarettes. But Martin Dockrell, head of the British PHE Tobacco Control Program, said that if the ban on the addition of flavors to e-cigarettes could cause e-cigarette users to re-smoke ordinary cigarettes.
For the same original intention, the United States and Britain have adopted completely opposite methods. The logic behind this is very intriguing. One is simple one-size-fits-all, and the other is systematic management that leverages strength.
Obviously, the British way is more worth learning, but their welfare system and management details are difficult to copy.
Differences in national conditions have led to today’s situation. The United Kingdom has become a “heaven” for e-cigarettes, but to put it another way, the UK is actually preparing the “end of the road” for e-cigarettes and truly giving the people a break.
Specific to the British market, starting from May 20, 2017, the UK requires that the volume of a single tank of electronic cigarettes does not exceed 2 ml; the maximum capacity of refilling vape juice does not exceed 10 ml; the nicotine concentration of e-liquid does not exceed 20 per ml Mg; nicotine-containing products and their packaging must be able to prevent children from unpacking and cannot be restored after disassembly; prohibit the addition of certain ingredients in e-liquids, including pigments, caffeine, and taurine; add new labels & warning content to the packaging; no matter the electronic cigarette device or e-liquid, all electronic cigarette products must be notified to the drug regulation bureau before they are sold in the UK.
In the afternoon of December 17, on the eve of the 2019 International Electronic Cigarette Summit, the representatives of the Electronic Cigarette Merchants Association from 7 countries including China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Malaysia, South Korea and Indonesia unanimously agreed that the World Electronic Cigarette Union Preparatory Committee was officially established.
Liu Yufeng, the full-time vice chairman of the China Electronic Cigarette Chamber of Commerce, said that the establishment of the preparatory committee will accelerate the co-construction of the International Electronic Cigarette Industry Cooperation Organization, promote the establishment of an international standard system for electronic cigarettes, promote trade facilitation, and international quality certification.
The preparatory meeting of the World E-cigarette Union is chaired by Lin Hanzhong, assistant secretary general of the China Electronic Cigarette Chamber of Commerce and vice-chairman of the E-cigarette Committee. In the future, the union or alliance will organize research and recommendations on national regulatory policies, research and exchange on industry technology trends, e-cigarette health and safety, clinical trial data sharing, Intellectual property protection, international trade circulation cooperation, international e-cigarette exhibition layout cooperation and other issues in the in-depth cooperation.
Representatives from the conference association agreed that strengthening public awareness and publicity protecting minors from e-cigarettes is a common task for everyone. It is necessary to form an alliance to promote the global development of the e-cigarette industry. As an organization and business enterprise of the e-cigarette industry, they must not only provide users with a new generation of consumer experience, but also shoulder a responsibility and mission for improving the public health and safety of e-cigarettes.
Consumers’ health, safety, and happiness are the most fundamental driving forces for the development of the electronic cigarette industry. To achieve sustainable and standardized development of the industry, global e-cigarette practitioners should reach a consensus and put the user’s health and safety and prevent the use of electronic cigarettes by minors in the first place. Increase product health and safety research and development, strengthen production process monitoring, improve product quality testing, and standardize marketing behaviors to make e-cigarettes healthier and safer.
For this reason, exploring the establishment of the World Electronic Cigarette Union is an inevitable need for joint development of the industry. In the absence of global regulation of electronic cigarettes, it is necessary to formulate general rules and labels for international markets, build bridges for communication and cooperation, and build on the basis of scientific research. They will produce higher quality products and establish a more effective market order.
According to the data provided by the Electronic Cigarette Industry Committee of the China Electronic Chamber of Commerce, the total global sales of vape/ electronic cigarettes in 2019 is US $ 33 billion, a year-on-year increase of 106.25%, which is 14 times since the industry development in 2012, and China has dominated the global electronic cigarette industry. Leading the world in terms of patents, production capacity, supply chain, technology, etc. The new business model and economic growth points of e-cigarettes have great potential value. At the same time as the rapid development of e-cigarettes worldwide, there are also diversified standards and trade frictions between countries. Superimposed problems, such as uncoordinated safety regulations, have attracted widespread international attention on how companies around the world collaborate and cooperate in self-discipline development. The establishment of the World Electronic Cigarette Union will accelerate the industrialization and standardized development of electronic cigarettes, and has far-reaching significance.
Representatives attending the preparatory meeting were John Dunn, Chairman of the Board of the UK Vaping Industry Association (UKVIA), Tony Abboud, Executive Director of the American Vaping Technology Association (VTA), Eddie, Secretary General of the Indonesian vaping association (APVI), and German chairman of the vaping trade association (VDEH) Michael, Chairman of the Korean Electronic Cigarette Association (KECA) Zhang Xiaojin, Senior Member of the Malaysian Electronic Cigarette Association Zeng Nongye; Chairman of the Electronic Cigarette Industry Committee of the China Electronic Cigarette Chamber of Commerce Ou Junbiao, Executive Vice President Huang Guihua, Secretary-General Weinuo, et al.