Asia and the Far East are home to nearly 750 million smokers and only 19 million vapers.
The experts made the statement during the launch of the latest Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction (GSTHR) report, held by public health agency Knowledge Action Change (KAC) and the Association of Vapers India (AVI). Published by KAC and edited by Harry Shapiro, the regional report “Tobacco Harm Reduction: A Burning Issue for Asia and the Far East” noted that “over half of the world’s smokers who die every year, die in Asia and the Far East (A&FE).”
The report indicated that there is little evidence showing that existing tobacco control strategies are working, as most smokers in the region have a low desire to quit. This where safer nicotine products [SNPs], such as e-cigarettes would be particularly beneficial, as it would allow these smokers to switch to safer nicotine products whilst getting the preferred dose of the substance they struggle to give up.
Instead, said Executive Coordinator of the Coalition of Asia Pacific Tobacco Harm Reduction Advocates (CAPHRA) Nancy Loucas, lawmakers in the region seem to have waged a war against tobacco harm reduction. “The biggest challenges facing tobacco harm reduction in Asia are not only government interest in tobacco manufacturing which is pretty huge in the region, but also the reach of philanthropic colonialism. That is, foreigners coming to countries and using private foundations or NGOs which they fund to help guide governments in developing policies.”
“These people do not want safer nicotine products that are available. They do not want the concept of tobacco harm reduction to be promoted or to be celebrated. This is because they serve their own personal economic agenda,” she said.
The A&FE region accounts for about 80% of combustible tobacco users worldwide
In a recent press release, she explained the report findings in detail. “The report states most of the 1.1 billion smokers live in Asia and the Far East. Including the range of regional combustible products as well as manufactured cigarettes, the A&FE region accounts for around 80 percent of combustible tobacco users worldwide.”
She added that the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study has revealed that smoking accounted for 7.1 million deaths in 2017, with an additional 1.2 million deaths attributed to second-hand smoking. While the latest available data has indicated that more than 4 million people in the region die from smoking-related disease, with three quarters of these in China and India.
In place of tobacco cessation strategies, the GSTHR report pushes for tobacco harm reduction. This refers to a range of pragmatic policies, regulations and actions aimed at reducing health risks by providing safer nicotine products such as e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products and snus.
The region’s market for safer nicotine products is under-developed compared to smoking
Samrat Chowdhery, director of Association of Vapers India (AVI) which co-hosted the report launch, and president of International Network of Nicotine Consumer Organizations (INNCO), a global consumer advocacy group comprising 40 national and regional bodies, said that Asia and the Far East are home to nearly 750 million smokers and only 19 million vapers.
“The report makes a strong case for tobacco harm reduction strategies in the ongoing battle to reduce tobacco-related mortality and morbidity,” he said. “I hope there are government and industry efforts to make low-risk alternatives affordable to users in low-income groups.”
The report confirms that the market for safer nicotine products in A&FE is still quite under-developed compared to smoking. “The reasons for this include ever-tighter laws and regulations and the existence in some countries of state-owned, or state-involved tobacco companies, who are not averse to seeing disruptive and innovative products legislated or taxed out of existence.”
It added that in most countries in the region where it is legal to sell, buy and use SNPs, they are nevertheless treated as tobacco products and are therefore subjected to public bans and prohibition of promotion as safer options.
The counterproductive interference of foreign anti-vaping organizations
Joaqui Gallardo of Philippine consumer advocacy group Vaper AKO, said anti-vaping foreign organizations are trying to shape the policy environment in the region.
“In my home country—the Philippines, for example, the World Health Organization (WHO) and anti-tobacco lobby groups such as Bloomberg Philanthropies exert tremendous influence on local policies that make it more difficult to promote THR as a public health strategy. This resulted in policies that actually discourage the switch from combustible cigarettes to less harmful alternatives such as vapes and heated tobacco products (HTPs). While we have laws that allow the use of SNPs, they are more restrictive than the regulation for traditional cigarettes,” said Gallardo.
Asa Saligupta, representative of ENDS Cigarette Smoke Thailand (ECST), stated that misinformation and propaganda against vaping is plentiful. “So we need to tell people how safe vaping is compared to smoking combustible cigarettes,” he said.
HTPs emit substantially fewer toxins than regular cigarettes
The report notes that vaping and HTPs emit substantially fewer toxins than conventional combustible tobacco products which means the potential health risks from smoking are dramatically reduced by switching away from cigarettes.
Samsul Kamal Arrifin, president on Malaysian Organization of Vape Entity (MOVE), hopes that health authorities will eventually recognize THR as a life-saving strategy. “Our hope for tobacco harm reduction is that we can put in place consumer-friendly regulations for production, distribution and the use of THR products and for the authorities to see this as a life-saving initiative,” he said.